Hand with 5-petal flower on stem above; trefoil on glove over letters ‘V O [?]’

Hand with 5-petal flower on stem above; trefoil on glove over letters ‘V O [?]’

Watermark Hand with 5-petal flower on stem above; trefoil on glove over letters ‘V O [?]’
Date 1575
Location of use ‘Baile in Chuimine’ [Ballycummin] and ‘Baile Tibhaird’ [Ballyhoward/Howardstown],  Co. Limerick, Ireland
Dimensions upper part: 45 x 9mm; lower part: 35 x 23 mm; centre not captured
Chain-lines ]17–24–24–24–25–25–24–24–13[
Position horizontal, across gutter between lines 4 and 5
Process Canon EOS, backlighting; composite created with Photoshop
Source RIA MS 23 N 10; consists of 28 vellum pages and 132 paper pages; a miscellany of early prose and poetry written by scribes of the Ó Maoil Chonaire family and friends, for their own use. One leaf (pp 137–8) appears to contain second watermark (not captured) consisting of top of pot with part of handle visible.
Repository Royal Irish Academy, Dublin
Crown over inverted Peter’s Cross, between two interlocking Cs, second reversed. Similar to Arms of Lorraine save for absence of Cross of Lorraine

Crown over inverted Peter’s Cross, between two interlocking Cs, second reversed. Similar to Arms of Lorraine save for absence of Cross of Lorraine

Watermark Crown over inverted Peter’s Cross, between two interlocking Cs, second reversed. Similar to Arms of Lorraine save for absence of Cross of Lorraine
Date 1641
Location of use Dublin, Ireland
Dimensions 75 mm x 45 mm
Chain-lines 16]-23-23-22-24-23-22-23-24-23-24-23-23-23-24-23-22-24-[3
Position between lines 3 and 6, centered between 4 and 5
Process Canon EOS, backlighting; Photoshop
Source Office of the Chief Herald Collection, GO MS 50, ff 249-251;

researched and described by Louise O’Connor

Repository National Library of Ireland
Crown over shield with fleur de lis

Crown over shield with fleur de lis

Watermark crown over shield with fleur de lis
Date c.1641
Location of use Dublin, Ireland
Dimensions 120 mm x 73 mm
Chain-lines 11]-13-20-21-21-21-21-21-21-21
Position between lines 4 and 7, centered between 5 and 6
Process Canon EOS, backlighting; Photoshop
Source Office of the Chief Herald Collection, GO MS 50, f. 267;

researched and described by Louise O’Connor

Repository National Library of Ireland
Bunch of grapes, mounted on base containing letters ‘ROP’ (?)

Bunch of grapes, mounted on base containing letters ‘ROP’ (?)

Watermark bunch of grapes, mounted on base containing letters ‘ROP’ (?)
Date c.1639
Location of use Dublin, Ireland
Dimensions 47 mm x 26 mm
Chain-lines 26]-23-22-22-23-22-22-22-23-21-22-23-24-21-21-22-23-[25
Position overlapping lines 13 and 14
Process Canon EOS, backlighting; Photoshop
Source Office of the Chief Herald Collection, GO MS 50, f. 229; researched and described by Louise O’Connor
Repository National Library of Ireland
Hat with tassels, between two columns, with letters ‘PDR’ below. Three fleurs de lis on top.

Hat with tassels, between two columns, with letters ‘PDR’ below. Three fleurs de lis on top.

Watermark Hat with tassels, between two columns, with letters ‘PDR’ below. Three fleurs de lis on top.
Date dated 16th March 1639
Location of use Dublin, Ireland
Dimensions 56 mm x 52 mm
Chain-lines 23]-23-22-24-24-22-22-25-23-24-23-23-23-23-22-24-16-[9
Position overlapping lines 6-7
Process Canon EOS, backlighting; Photoshop
Source Office of the Chief Herald Collection, GO MS 50, ff 207-9. This watermark also on ff 33-35, conjugates 45/47,  conjugates 211/215,  conjugates 301/303, ff 305-307, f. 313,  309-311, conjugates 291-297, conjugates 293-295 (dated 1639);

researched and described by Louise O’Connor

Repository National Library of Ireland
Cardinal hat with string, two bows and four tassels

Cardinal hat with string, two bows and four tassels

Watermark Cardinal hat with string, two bows and four tassels
Date 27 October 1640
Location of use Dublin, Ireland
Dimensions 72 mm x 40 mm
Chain-lines 18]-24-23-22-23-23-22-24-[19
Position across lines 4 and 5
Process Canon EOS, backlighting; Photoshop
Source Office of the Chief Herald Collection, GO MS 203, f. 203;

researched and described by Louise O’Connor

Repository National Library of Ireland
Urn, two handles, with three flowers on top in pot, mounted on base containing letters ‘BCM’

Urn, two handles, with three flowers on top in pot, mounted on base containing letters ‘BCM’

Watermark urn, two handles, with three flowers on top in pot, mounted on base containing letters ‘BCM’
Date c. 1639
Location of use Dublin, Ireland
Dimensions 47 mm x 26 mm
Chain-lines 14]-16-19-19-18-19-18-18-19-19-[16
Position across lines 6 and 7
Process Canon EOS, backlighting; Photoshop
Source Office of the Chief Herald Collection, GO MS 50, f. 191;

researched and described by Louise O’Connor

Repository National Library of Ireland
Shield with decoration and crowned top

Shield with decoration and crowned top

Watermark Shield with decoration and crowned top
Date c. 1640s
Location of use Dublin, Ireland
Dimensions 83 mm x 63 mm
Chain-lines 5]-15-20-21-21-22-21-22-21-21-22-22-22-21-22-21-21-20-18-[2
Position on lines 13 and 14, between 12 and 15
Process Canon EOS, backlighting; Photoshop
Source Office of the Chief Herald Collection, GO MS 50, ff. 170-77;

researched and described by Louise O’Connor

Repository National Library of Ireland
Pot/jug, one handle, with decorated lid, quatrefoil on top, letters  ‘FC’ (?) on centre of jug, handle on left side.

Pot/jug, one handle, with decorated lid, quatrefoil on top, letters  ‘FC’ (?) on centre of jug, handle on left side.

Watermark pot/jug, one handle, with decorated lid, quatrefoil on top, letters  ‘FC’ (?) on centre of jug, handle on left side.
Date 14 May 1639
Location of use Dublin, Ireland
Dimensions 95 mm x 32 mm
Chain-lines 19]-21-21-20-20-22-21-20-20-20-20-21-21-21-23-23-20-13-[6
Position across lines 6 and 7
Process Canon EOS, backlighting; Photoshop
Source Office of the Chief Herald Collection, GO MS 50, ff. 157-9;

researched and described by Louise O’Connor

Repository National Library of Ireland
2 columns, juxaposed, with bunch of grapes above, and design between.

2 columns, juxaposed, with bunch of grapes above, and design between.

Watermark 2 columns, juxaposed, with bunch of grapes above, and design between.
Date c.1640
Location of use Dublin, Ireland
Dimensions 54 mm x 37 mm
Chain-lines 28]-23-23-23-23-23-23-23-[10
Position across chainlines 5 and 6
Process Canon EOS, backlighting; Photoshop
Source Office of the Chief Herald Collection, GO MS 50, f. 155;

researched and described by Louise O’Connor

Repository National Library of Ireland