Hand with 5-petal flower on stem above; trefoil on glove over letters ‘V O [?]’

Hand with 5-petal flower on stem above; trefoil on glove over letters ‘V O [?]’

Watermark Hand with 5-petal flower on stem above; trefoil on glove over letters ‘V O [?]’
Date 1575
Location of use ‘Baile in Chuimine’ [Ballycummin] and ‘Baile Tibhaird’ [Ballyhoward/Howardstown],  Co. Limerick, Ireland
Dimensions upper part: 45 x 9mm; lower part: 35 x 23 mm; centre not captured
Chain-lines ]17–24–24–24–25–25–24–24–13[
Position horizontal, across gutter between lines 4 and 5
Process Canon EOS, backlighting; composite created with Photoshop
Source RIA MS 23 N 10; consists of 28 vellum pages and 132 paper pages; a miscellany of early prose and poetry written by scribes of the Ó Maoil Chonaire family and friends, for their own use. One leaf (pp 137–8) appears to contain second watermark (not captured) consisting of top of pot with part of handle visible.
Repository Royal Irish Academy, Dublin
Hand with six-petal flower on stem above

Hand with six-petal flower on stem above

Watermark Hand with six-petal flower on stem above
Date 1509
Location of use Cill Athricht [Killaraght, Co. Sligo, Ireland]
Dimensions Composite: 28 mm x 31 mm (lower section), 20 mm x 43 mm (upper section)
Chain-lines Obscured
Position Horizontal across gutter
Process Canon EOS, backlighting; composite image created through Photoshop
Source RIA MS 23 N 29 (467) ff. 4 (lower section) and 6 (upper section) medical text written by Connla Mac an Leagha [thanks to Dr Aoibheann Nic Dhonnchadha for advice]
Repository Royal Irish Academy, Dublin
Quatrefoil on shield with letter B, over scroll containing name ‘NICOLAS LEBE’, a papermaker of Troyes, France.

Quatrefoil on shield with letter B, over scroll containing name ‘NICOLAS LEBE’, a papermaker of Troyes, France.

Watermark Quatrefoil on shield with letter B, over scroll containing name ‘NICOLAS LEBE’, a papermaker of Troyes, France.
Date Late 16th / early 17th century:  cf. Briquet 8079; Gravell §§ 629, 1065, 1714; occurs in MSS of works by Philip Sidney, John Harington and Edmund Campion
Location of use Ireland
Dimensions 59 mm x 17 mm
Chain-lines 17]-23-18-20-22-21-21-20-20-[5; horizontal
Position centred on line 6, inner margin
Process Canon EOS, backlighting; Photoshop
Source RIA MS 23 N 29 (467) [composite manuscript] f. 57, fragment containing aphorisms of Hippocrates.
Repository Royal Irish Academy, Dublin

Pot, one-handled; ?letters (‘O . .’) under base?

Watermark Pot, one-handled; ?letters (‘O . .’) under base?
Date 1540s (contemporary with other dateable mark in MS)
Location of use Ireland
Dimensions 65 mm x 25 mm
Chain-lines 16]-23-22-22-23-22-22-22-[4; horizontal
Position between lines 3 and 4, inner margin, across conjugate leaves
Process Canon EOS, backlighting; Photoshop
Source RIA MS 24 P 8 (752) pp 165-66 (top), 157-8 (bottom); this manuscript contains an important collection of bardic tracts. This is one of three different pot watermarks in the book. This mark is exclusive to pp. 155 ff.
Repository Royal Irish Academy, Dublin

Pot, one-handled

Pot, one-handled
Watermark Pot, one-handled
Date 1540s (contemporary with other dateable mark in MS)
Location of use Ireland
Dimensions 47 mm x 23 mm
Chain-lines 12]-23-23-22-22-22-22-22-[6; horizontal
Position between lines 5 and 6, inner margin, across conjugate leaves
Process Canon EOS, backlighting; Photoshop
Source RIA MS 24 P 8 (752) pp 17-18 (top), 5-6 (bottom); middle part of watermark uncapturable. This manuscript contains an important collection of bardic tracts. This is one of three different pot watermarks in the book.
Repository Royal Irish Academy, Dublin

Pot, one-handled, ‘MI’ in bowl

Pot, one-handled, ‘MI’ in bowl
Watermark Pot, one-handled, ‘MI’ in bowl
Date 1540s cf. Briquet 12767
Location of use Ireland
Dimensions 59 mm x 17 mm
Chain-lines 12]-23-22-22-23-22-22-22-[6; horizontal
Position between lines 5 and 6, inner margin
Process Canon EOS, backlighting; Photoshop
Source RIA MS 24 P 8 (752) pp 139-40; this manuscript contains an important collection of bardic tracts. This is one of three different pot watermarks in the book.
Repository Royal Irish Academy, Dublin
Pot, one-handled; quatrefoil on trefoil crown; letters [.] O within band in bowl.

Pot, one-handled; quatrefoil on trefoil crown; letters [.] O within band in bowl.

Pot, one-handled; quatrefoil on trefoil crown; letters [.] O within band in bowl.
Designation 24 P 14
Watermark Pot, one-handled; quatrefoil on trefoil crown; letters [.] O within band in bowl.
Date 1577–8
Location of use Graiguenamanagh [Gráig na Manach] and Tinnaranny [Teagh na Reanna], Co. Kilkenny; Lissalican [Lis Ailleacáin], Co. Carlow; Ireland
Dimensions 55 mm x 20 mm
Chain-lines 3]-22-21-21-22-20-22-22-[19
Position between lines 5 and 6
Process Canon EOS, backlighting
Source Royal Irish Academy MS 24 P 14 (443), pp. 157–8; a medical manuscript containing the Lilium medicinae, written by Corc Óg Ó Cadhla at three named locations in the valley of the river Nore.
Repository Royal Irish Academy, Dublin
Arms over Grapes; Arms contain three diagonal bands over letters I P

Arms over Grapes; Arms contain three diagonal bands over letters I P

Arms over Grapes; Arms contain three diagonal bands over letters I P
Designation 3 C 19 T2
Watermark Arms over Grapes; Arms contain three diagonal bands over letters I P
Date 1590
Location of use Grantstown [Baile in Ghronta] and Culohill [an Chúlchoill], Co. Laois, and in other locations in Kildare and Kilkenny, Ireland.
Dimensions 63 (Arms 28, Grapes 35) mm x 37mm
Chain-lines horizontal,  29]-38-38-38-37-38-36-[20 (lower edge)
Position horizontal (but shown as vertical here) between lines 4 and 5; leaves in this section of MS formed from folio leaves turned on long edge, with watermark consequently divided by gutter. Ff. 244-5 are the two leaves of a central bifolium
Process Canon EOS, backlighting; composite image created and adjusted in Photoshop
Source Royal Irish Academy MS 3 C 19 (439), ff. 244-5; a medical manuscript written by Risteard (mac Muircheartaigh) Ó Conchubhair
Repository Royal Irish Academy, Dublin
Pot, one-handled; quatrefoil on trefoil crown; quatrefoil in neck; letters P D / B in bowl

Pot, one-handled; quatrefoil on trefoil crown; quatrefoil in neck; letters P D / B in bowl

Pot, one-handled; quatrefoil on trefoil crown; quatrefoil in neck; letters P D / B in bowl
Designation 3 C 19 T1
Watermark Pot, one-handled; quatrefoil on trefoil crown; quatrefoil in neck; letters P D / B in bowl
Date 1590
Location of use Grantstown [Baile in Ghronta] and Culohill [an Chúlchoill], Co. Laois, and in other locations in Kildare and Kilkenny, Ireland.
Dimensions 65 mm x 25 mm
Chain-lines 21-21-21-21-21-21-21-21
Position between lines 4 and 5
Process Canon EOS, backlighting
Source Royal Irish Academy MS 3 C 19 (439), f. 239 (inverted); a medical manuscript written by Risteard (mac Muircheartaigh) Ó Conchubhair
Repository Royal Irish Academy, Dublin
Gloved hand with flower (five petals on stem) above

Gloved hand with flower (five petals on stem) above

Gloved hand with flower (five petals on stem) above
Watermark Gloved hand with flower (five petals on stem) above
Date 16th century
Location of use Co. Mayo?
Dimensions c. 72 mm x 20 mm [hand and flower 42 mm high, glove 30 mm]
Chain-lines gutter 20]-25-25-[11 fore-edge
Position Hand and flower p. 98, lower margin, between gutter and line 1; glove p. 58 upper margin between gutter and line 1
Process Canon EOS, backlighting; composite image created through Photoshop
Source Royal Irish Academy MS 23 A 4 (469), pp. 58 and 98; a medical manuscript written by Aodh Ó Ceannamháin; cf. British Library MS Add. 15582 (thanks to Dr Aoibheann Nic Dhonnchadha)
Repository Royal Irish Academy, Dublin