Rear of Unicorn (complements Unicorn on (e.g,) f. 11)

Rear of Unicorn (complements Unicorn on (e.g,) f. 11)

Watermark Rear of Unicorn (complements Unicorn on (e.g,) f. 11)
Date c. 1564
Location of use Cambridge, England
Dimensions  6mm x  27mm
Chain-lines gutter 17]-23-23-22-22-22-22-[15 foredge
Position between lines 4 and 5
Process Canon EOS, backlighting; Photoshop
Source Primer of Elizabeth I, f. 12
Repository Farmleigh House, Dublin (collection under ownership of Marsh’s Library)
Unicorn

Unicorn

Watermark Unicorn
Date c. 1564
Location of use Cambridge, England
Dimensions  44mm x  30mm
Chain-lines gutter 5]-23-23-22-22-22-22-22-[13 foredge
Position between lines 5 and 6,
Process Canon EOS, backlighting; Photoshop
Source Primer of Elizabeth I, f. 11
Repository Farmleigh House, Dublin (collection under ownership of Marsh’s Library)
Crowned trefoil, flanked by initials: P (left) I (right)

Crowned trefoil, flanked by initials: P (left) I (right)

Watermark Crowned trefoil, flanked by initials: P (left) I (right)
Date second half 16th cent.
Location of use Cambridge (?), England
Dimensions  16mm x 17mm
Chain-lines gutter 28-28-27-27-27-28-27-16-[13 foredge
Position sideways between 3 and 4
Process Canon EOS, backlighting; Photoshop
Source Farmleigh MS IV E 6, pp 414[h]
Repository Farmleigh House, Dublin (collection under ownership of Marsh’s Library)

St Catherine’s Wheel, three holly leaves above, ?twisted stem below. Identical to Gravell WHL.005.1

St Catherine’s Wheel, three holly leaves above, ?twisted stem below. Identical to Gravell WHL.005.1
Date second half 16th cent.
Location of use Cambridge (?), England
Dimensions  68mm x 28mm
Chain-lines gutter 28-25-29-28-28-28-28-28 foredge
Position between lines 5 and 6, inverted
Process Canon EOS, backlighting; Photoshop
Source Farmleigh MS IV E 6, pp 467-8
Repository Farmleigh House, Dublin (collection under ownership of Marsh’s Library)
Hand with 5-petal flower on stem above; trefoil on glove over letters ‘V O [?]’

Hand with 5-petal flower on stem above; trefoil on glove over letters ‘V O [?]’

Watermark Hand with 5-petal flower on stem above; trefoil on glove over letters ‘V O [?]’
Date 1575
Location of use ‘Baile in Chuimine’ [Ballycummin] and ‘Baile Tibhaird’ [Ballyhoward/Howardstown],  Co. Limerick, Ireland
Dimensions upper part: 45 x 9mm; lower part: 35 x 23 mm; centre not captured
Chain-lines ]17–24–24–24–25–25–24–24–13[
Position horizontal, across gutter between lines 4 and 5
Process Canon EOS, backlighting; composite created with Photoshop
Source RIA MS 23 N 10; consists of 28 vellum pages and 132 paper pages; a miscellany of early prose and poetry written by scribes of the Ó Maoil Chonaire family and friends, for their own use. One leaf (pp 137–8) appears to contain second watermark (not captured) consisting of top of pot with part of handle visible.
Repository Royal Irish Academy, Dublin
Hand with six-petal flower on stem above

Hand with six-petal flower on stem above

Watermark Hand with six-petal flower on stem above
Date 1509
Location of use Cill Athricht [Killaraght, Co. Sligo, Ireland]
Dimensions Composite: 28 mm x 31 mm (lower section), 20 mm x 43 mm (upper section)
Chain-lines Obscured
Position Horizontal across gutter
Process Canon EOS, backlighting; composite image created through Photoshop
Source RIA MS 23 N 29 (467) ff. 4 (lower section) and 6 (upper section) medical text written by Connla Mac an Leagha [thanks to Dr Aoibheann Nic Dhonnchadha for advice]
Repository Royal Irish Academy, Dublin
Quatrefoil on shield with letter B, over scroll containing name ‘NICOLAS LEBE’, a papermaker of Troyes, France.

Quatrefoil on shield with letter B, over scroll containing name ‘NICOLAS LEBE’, a papermaker of Troyes, France.

Watermark Quatrefoil on shield with letter B, over scroll containing name ‘NICOLAS LEBE’, a papermaker of Troyes, France.
Date Late 16th / early 17th century:  cf. Briquet 8079; Gravell §§ 629, 1065, 1714; occurs in MSS of works by Philip Sidney, John Harington and Edmund Campion
Location of use Ireland
Dimensions 59 mm x 17 mm
Chain-lines 17]-23-18-20-22-21-21-20-20-[5; horizontal
Position centred on line 6, inner margin
Process Canon EOS, backlighting; Photoshop
Source RIA MS 23 N 29 (467) [composite manuscript] f. 57, fragment containing aphorisms of Hippocrates.
Repository Royal Irish Academy, Dublin

Pot, one-handled; ?letters (‘O . .’) under base?

Watermark Pot, one-handled; ?letters (‘O . .’) under base?
Date 1540s (contemporary with other dateable mark in MS)
Location of use Ireland
Dimensions 65 mm x 25 mm
Chain-lines 16]-23-22-22-23-22-22-22-[4; horizontal
Position between lines 3 and 4, inner margin, across conjugate leaves
Process Canon EOS, backlighting; Photoshop
Source RIA MS 24 P 8 (752) pp 165-66 (top), 157-8 (bottom); this manuscript contains an important collection of bardic tracts. This is one of three different pot watermarks in the book. This mark is exclusive to pp. 155 ff.
Repository Royal Irish Academy, Dublin

Pot, one-handled

Pot, one-handled
Watermark Pot, one-handled
Date 1540s (contemporary with other dateable mark in MS)
Location of use Ireland
Dimensions 47 mm x 23 mm
Chain-lines 12]-23-23-22-22-22-22-22-[6; horizontal
Position between lines 5 and 6, inner margin, across conjugate leaves
Process Canon EOS, backlighting; Photoshop
Source RIA MS 24 P 8 (752) pp 17-18 (top), 5-6 (bottom); middle part of watermark uncapturable. This manuscript contains an important collection of bardic tracts. This is one of three different pot watermarks in the book.
Repository Royal Irish Academy, Dublin

Pot, one-handled, ‘MI’ in bowl

Pot, one-handled, ‘MI’ in bowl
Watermark Pot, one-handled, ‘MI’ in bowl
Date 1540s cf. Briquet 12767
Location of use Ireland
Dimensions 59 mm x 17 mm
Chain-lines 12]-23-22-22-23-22-22-22-[6; horizontal
Position between lines 5 and 6, inner margin
Process Canon EOS, backlighting; Photoshop
Source RIA MS 24 P 8 (752) pp 139-40; this manuscript contains an important collection of bardic tracts. This is one of three different pot watermarks in the book.
Repository Royal Irish Academy, Dublin